Heel Pain/ Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is a very common cause of foot pain. Some studies have demonstrated that it will affect one in every six people in their lives. The plantar fascia is a sheet like structure that runs from the underside of the heel to the ball of the foot. It has several functions; to support the arch of the foot, aid shock absorption and to help with propulsion during walking.
There are many treatment options for plantar fasciitis and these are covered in more detail in the leaflet. Common treatments include stretching exercises, footwear advice, orthotic insoles, injection therapy, and shockwave therapy. Surgery is rarely needed to treat this condition.
Another cause of heel pain that often co-exists with plantar fasciitis is tarsal tunnel syndrome. This is caused by abnormal pressure on the nerves on the inside of the heel. It can cause a burning radiating pain to the underside of the heel or foot that can be associated with numbness. Treatment for this condition are similar to plantar fasciitis through using orthotic insoles, stretching exercises, injection therapy and surgery. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is similar to the more commonly seen carpal tunnel syndrome of the wrist.